It’s been rumored that there are two countries that are believed to execute drunk drivers – El Salvador and Bulgaria. While El Salvador is very unforgiving of impaired drivers by executing upon for the first offense, Bulgaria may order the execution of drunk drivers who have committed this crime at least twice.
There are five countries actually impose significant fines and jail sentences: France charges $1,000 for driving under the influence (DUI) and suspends drivers licenses for up to three years; Saudi Arabia bans all alcohol and punishes DUI offenders harshly with fines up to $10,000, 10 years in prison and, on occasion, public lashings; drunk drivers in Norway are sentenced to three weeks of hard labor in prison, loss of their licenses for up to three years and forever for repeat offenders; South Africa fines are upwards of $10,000 and 10 years in prison; like Norway, China sentences offenders to a life sentence in prison depending upon circumstances.
Auto accident law is defined as a combination of traffic and personal injury law and deal by auto accident attorney. According to the US Department of Justice, the most common reason for contact with the police is being a driver in a traffic stop of an estimated 17.7 million people over age 16 where 7.4% were male drivers and 1.6% were female. There are two types of traffic law violations: misdemeanors and felonies.
Misdemeanors are less serious crimes like infractions and are typically punishable by a fine or incarceration in the county jail for less than one year but the actual offense classification varies minimally for each state. Some examples of misdemeanors include DUI whether drugs or alcohol, failing to stop at the accident scene, driving without a license and/or insurance, and reckless driving. In some cases, a traffic ticket attorney may be able to “plead down” a serious traffic offense from a felony to a misdemeanor.
Felonies are the most serious crimes in any system of criminal law. A standard definition of a felony is any crime punishable by more than one year in prison or by death. This means that a crime that has a sentence of only a fine or confinement in the local jail for a short period of time is not a felony. Often the offense itself is not labeled as a felony, but the punishment tells the public that the offense is a felony. Examples of felony traffic offenses include repeat DUI/DWI convictions, certain “hit and run” offenses, and vehicular homicide.
Here are five reasons why you need auto accident law protection:
01. Human factors
Human factors (HF) are the body of knowledge about human abilities, human limitations, and other human characteristics. Everyone at some time is guilty of some of human factors that determine the way in which we drive including our behavior, visual and auditory acuity, and decision-making ability. HF comprises multiple fields of study including industrial engineering, clinical psychology, experimental psychology, educational psychology, anthropometric science, organization psychology, safety engineering, medical science, computer science, and cognitive science.
Always daily we hear about someone who was involved in an accident or harmed due to some distraction. Some of the more deadly driving distractions including texting, using cell phones, eating and drinking, talking to passengers, grooming, reading, navigating either with Globally Positioning Systems (GPS) technology or maps, shaving or putting on cosmetics, and watching a video.
Accidents occur regardless of the type of vehicle – motorcycle, truck, car, bicycle, boat, all terrain vehicle, or airplane. Almost in every accident that has been reported involving some type of vehicle, speed was one of the major factors contributing to the accident – the risk of being injured increases exponentially with speeds much faster than the median speed. When speed is coupled with other factors including rain, sleep, bright sun, and other environmental elements, the crashes will directly be the result of all of these factors.
The most common contributors to auto accidents are sleepiness, prescription, and illegal drugs, alcohol, and certain medical conditions. Also, the use of certain devices and glasses, for example, could influence our abilities to drive and when you include speed and environmental factors can greatly increase the likelihood of being involved or the cause of an accident. Statistically, in 2012 for example, there were more than 10,000 people who died in alcohol-impaired driving crashes which amounts to one every 51 minutes.
One example that is more common is the driver who goes into a seizure. Typically, when the body is having a seizure, it will uncontrollably ‘lock’ into place and usually this means that the body will straighten out and become rigid or stiff but the person is either unable to take control or unaware. In these cases, there may have been previous medical histories that had occurred and been determined to be the root cause of the seizure.
05. Combinations of factors
As mentioned, when the presence of multiple of factors come into play such as drugs or alcohol, road and environmental conditions including weather, driver’s health such as eyesight; and other elements are active, the probability of an auto accident increases exponentially. Two primary factors which are most influential with new or inexperienced drivers is the lack of knowledge for geographic area including highways and lack of actual driving or road experience under differing light and weather conditions.
William Haddon made a useful contribution to thinking about how injuries occur and how to prevent them. The “Haddon Matrix” is a table showing each phase of an accident: pre-crash, crash, and post-crash. These are compared in tabular format with human, vehicles and equipment, and environmental elements or factors. Risk factor influence crash involvement include inappropriate and excessive speed; presence of alcohol, medicinal or recreational drugs; fatigue; statistically being a young male; having youths in the same car; vulnerability of road user in urban and residential areas; traveling in darkness; vehicle factors like braking, handling, and maintenance; highway defects such as potholes; lack of visibility due to the environment; poor driver eyesight; non-use of seatbelts; and the lack of vehicle safety mechanisms.